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  • 03.11.2014 - Let's give a say to a sector expert: Fernando Duranti
    • We have interviewed an expert in the metals sector to have an additional professional opinion about the division the METALRICICLO show represents: Fernando Duranti from TZIMET, a company that since 2005 has devoted to the processing and wholesale trading of ferrous and non-ferrous metals, alloys and alloy derivatives.

      Question: Mr Duranti, what is in your opinion on the value of the METALRICICLO exhibition?

      Answer: I have red with interest the article about this event entitled “Recycling at METEF 2014” and published for the occasion. I think the event presentation was excellent and described very well the importance of this show, which will be held for the second time in Verona.
      The interest excited by this show and its popularity have increasingly grown year on year. Much has been written on this event, and its last edition, when METEF was moved to Verona, brought the show organizational phase to its completion and increased the show quality.
      The topics about industrial recycling - connected to non-ferrous metals traders, plant manufacturers and service providers - make the presentation of the Italian industry more comprehensive in a moment when it needs to show to the European and the global market our country's ability to be one of the major supporters of R&D in the metals industry. This is why the organizers of METALRICICLO should consider the possibility to hold this show on an annual basis. Of course this prospect might soon come true, after the organizers have promoted an advertising campaign to attract exhibitors from the Far East, South and North America. The partnership with Germany is a positive aspect and other similar agreements are welcome. METALRICICLO can and must develop on a global level to become the symbol of the Italian metals industry worldwide since other similar initiatives are still missing. I'm convinced that the excellent organization of this show can make it become a yearly event at a worldwide level, even more so because year over year METALRICICLO has reached figures that compare with the major foreign exhibitions.

      Question: What is your point of view on the crisis the Italian recycling division is suffering from?

      Answer: The metals recycling sector has been suffering from the crisis for about two years while the commodity trend in the same period has remained rather stable. Europe is the sole market suffering from the crisis in this industry while the other markets, for good or for worse, have reported higher rates. Scrap availability has been short but the crisis has reined in the demand so that consumption hasn't been much affected. The crisis has hit other European countries, too but some exporting countries haven't managed to keep up their trading pace mainly for shortage of materials due to the decrease of industrial production and the following lower generation of scrap. This factor - a commodity reduction of as much as 50% over the previous years - has affected several countries, Italy among them. In these years, scrap importation has been almost impossible and scrap circulation has been tighter for the above-mentioned reasons but al least little quantities of scrap were shipped to China while India seems to be more active in buying scrap. There's an apparent contradiction in what I'm saying since China goes on buying scrap but this commodity mainly comes from more stable countries such as the United States. The Chinese purchasing policy is a bit different since they buy higher-quality materials and pay cash in dollars upon shipment, which is not accepted by our exporters. The situation has recently improved in terms of scrap availability since from the beginning of this year consumption has slightly increased; a new drop was reported in February even though it's lower than the 2013 yearly rate.
  • 03.10.2014 - Aluminium packaging recovery from the bottom ashes of incinerators
    • Over the past 20 years several studies have been carried out regarding the behaviour of metals during and after incineration in Waste-to-Energy (WtE) plants but little is known about one of the most well-known non-ferrous metals, aluminium. Aluminium (Al) is after iron (Fe) the most abundant metallic component of the incinerator bottom ashes (IBA), originating largely from used aluminium packaging not separately collected. Today, most WtE plants extract non-ferrous metals from the incinerator bottom ashes (IBA) in quantities ranging from 0.5 to 3.0%, with aluminium accounting for 55 to 70%.
      During 2011-2012, the European Aluminium Association (EAA) has been actively involved in two Italian tests regarding the behaviour of several aluminum packaging items at two different Italian incinerators. These tests were initiated by the Italian aluminium packaging recovery scheme Consorzio Imballaggi Alluminio (CiAl) and the Polytechnic University of Milan and the main results have been published in the meantime.
      The results from the Italian tests, carried out on five out of 400 active plants in Europe, didn't lead to the elaboration of a statistical analysis but some converging results allow for very interesting conclusions.
      With 2006 as reference year, it's been estimated that an average 2.3% of metallic Al still is contained in the European bottom ashes. Only a small part of this outstanding ‘sleeping' quantity, corresponding to the annual output of a modern foundry, is being recovered today and it is expected that, also due to the pressure of more stringent EU legislation, targeting the phasing out of landfills and promoting the energy valorization of waste in more efficient Waste-to-Energy plants, the incineration of waste will increase significantly in the next decade. This should result into two to three times more aluminium recovered from bottom ashes in 2020, offering some important economic and environmental benefits to Europe in terms of raw materials saving on condition that all WtE invest in recovery. The developments of these studies will be presented during next Metef in Verona, 11-14 June.
  • 03.06.2014 - Assofermet - Monitoring the commodities for the iron and steel industry
    • Assofermet monitors the market of commodities for the iron and steel industry and in early February has released the most significant data from an interesting report on the trend of the latest years. In January, the December projection was confirmed and a rather stable price trend was registered, also keeping into account the late resumption of the production activities and some cases of slight decrease during the last week of the month. Despite critical weather conditions in the reference period, the domestic and international price trend didn't show any bullish signs but rather some limited drops.
      The projection for the month of February indicated an equally quiet month with an additional slight decrease in prices, which might have varied depending on the requirements and the real availability of iron and steel products on the market.

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